Performance Appraisals 101:
A Universal Guide for Higher Education and Student Affairs

Return to the Staffing Practices Main Page


Arminio, J., & Creamer, D.G. (2001). What quality supervisors say about quality supervision. College Student Affairs Journal, 21(1), 35-44.

Barr, M.J., and Associates (1993). The handbook of student affairs administration. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Brown, R.D. (1988). Performance appraisal as a tool for staff development. New Directions for Student Services No. 43. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Creamer, D.G., & Winston, R.B., Jr. (1999). The performance appraisal paradox: An essential but neglected student affairs staffing function. NASPA Journal, 36, 248-263.

Cummings, L.L., & Schwab, D.P. (1973). Performance in organizations: Determinants and appraisal. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.

Daughtrey, A.S., & Ricks, B.R. (1988). Contemporary supervision: Managing people and technology. New York: McGraw- Hill.

Gote, D., (1996). The complete guide to performance appraisal. New York: American Management Association.

Henderson, R.I. (1984). Performance Appraisal (2nd ed.). Reston, VA: Reston Publishing.

Janosik, S.M., Creamer, D.G., Hirt, J.B., Winston, R.B., Saunders, S.A, & Cooper, D.L. (2003). Supervising new professionals in student affairs: A guide for practioners. New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.

Jones, A.P., and James, L.R. (1979). Psychological climate: Dimensions and relations of individual and aggregated work environment perceptions. Organizational behavior and human performance, 23, 201-250.

Kessler, H. W. (2003). Motivate and reward: Performance appraisal and incentive systems for business success. Great Britian: Curran Publishing Services.

London, M. (2003). Job feedback: Giving, seeking, and using feedback for performance improvement. Second Edition. London, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

McDade, S.A. (1987). Higher education leadership: Enhancing skills through professional development programs. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, no. 5, Washington D.C.: Association for the Study of Higher Education.

Hodgkinson, H.L. (1974, Fall). Adult Development: Implications for faculty and administrators. Educational Record. 55 (4), 263-274.

Landy, F., Zedeck, S., and Cleveland, J.(1983). Performance measurement and theory. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

London, M. (2003). Job Feedback: Giving, seeking, and using feedback for performance improvement, 2nd Edition. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Lopez, F.M. (1968). Evaluating employee performance. Chicago, Illinois: Public Personnel Association.

Maddux, R.B. (1993). Effective performance appraisals: Third edition. Menlo Park, California: Crisp Publications Inc.

McKirchy, K. (1998). Powerful performance appraisals: How to set expectations and work together to improve performance. National Press Publications: Franklin Lakes, NJ.

Pulakos, E.D. (2003). Ratings of job performance. Chapter 11 in Applied measurement methods in industrial psychology. Davies-Black Publishing: Palo Alto, California.

Randi, Toler, Sachs (1992). The worksmart series: Productive performance appraisals. AMACOM, a division of American Management Association: New York.

Schneider, C.E., & Beatty, R.W. (1982). What is performance appraisal? In L. Baird, R.W. Beatty, & C.E. Scneider (eds.) The performance appraisal sourcebook (pp. 4-10). Amherst, MA: Human Resource Development Press.

Sims, J.M., & Foxley, C.H. (1980). Job analysis, job descriptions, and performance appraisal systems. In C.H. Foxley (Ed.), Applying management techniques (pp. 41-53). New Directions for Student Services No.9. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.

Staffing Handbook.

Swanson, R.A. (1994). Analysis for improving performance: Tools for diagnosing organizations and documenting workplace expertise. San Francisco, California: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

University of CA- Berkeley (2004, January). Conducting effective performance appraisals: Tips for supervisors. Administrator. Berkeley: California: Magna Publications, Inc.

Whetzel, D.L. & Oppler, S.H. (2003). Validation of selection Instruments. Chapter 13 in Applied measurement methods in industrial psychology. Palo Alto, California: Davies-Black Publishing.

Whetzel, D.L. & Wheaton, G.R. (1994). Applied measurements methods in industrial psychology. Palo Alto, California: Davies-Black Publishing.

Winston, R.B., Jr., & Creamer, D.G. (1997). Improving staffing practices in student affairs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.




Updated 2008